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Comics / Graphic Novels
A graphic novel is a book that contains content from comic books. Despite the fact that the term “novel” usually refers to extended fictional works, the term “graphic novel” is used to refer to fiction, non-fiction, and anthologized works. It is usually distinguished from the phrase “comic book” in the United States, which refers to comics periodicals and trade paperbacks.
In an essay published in the November 1964 issue of the comics fanzine Capa-Alpha, fan historian Richard Kyle created the phrase “graphic novel.” After the commercial success of the first volume of Art Spiegelman’s Maus in 1986, the collected editions of Frank Miller’s The Dark Knight Returns in 1986, and Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons’ Watchmen in 1987, the term gained popularity in the comics community after the publication of Will Eisner’s A Contract with God (1978) and the start of Marvel’s Graphic Novel line (1982). In 2001, the Book Industry Study Group designated “graphic novel” as a book store category.